Nationally, based on spending by function, health ranked 3rd at $105.754 billion behind social security and welfare ($221.685 billion) and expenses for other purposes ($102.685 billion) in 2022–23. This was 16.8% of Australian Government’s expenses.1

In Queensland, health expenditure ranked 1st for general government sector expenses at 30.0% ($23.6 billion) followed by education at 24.3%.2

Understanding areas of health expenditure, costs per person and spending by health condition identifies the drivers of health spending.

This section includes:

  • Health expenditure by source and broad area including COVID-19 spending
  • Expenditure by condition, per person and by risk factor
  • Expenditure for First Nations peoples
  • General population results for a health-related quality of life measure used in health economics.

National healthcare expenditure information in also available for selected health conditions in Our Health and for risk factors in Our Lifestyle.


  1. Parliment of Australia. 2022. Budget 2022-23: Budget strategy and outlook. Canberra: Australian Government.
  2. Queensland Treasury. 2022. Queensland Budget 2022-23: budget strategy and outlook. Brisbane: Queensland Government.

Last updated: October 2023